OBE: Outcome-Based Education

What is OBE ?

“Outcome-Based Education (OBE) means clearly focusing and organizing everything in an educational system around what is essential for all students to be able to do successfully at the end of their learning experiences. This means starting with a clear picture of what is important for students to be able to do, then organizing the curriculum, instruction, and assessment to make sure this learning ultimately happens” (Spady, 1994).

Hence, OBE is a process that involves the restructuring of curriculum, assessment and reporting practices in education (electrical eng education) to reflect the achievement of high order learning and mastery rather than accumulation of course credit.

Why OBE?

  • Promotes high expectations and greater learning for all students.
  • Prepares students for life and work in the 21st Century.
  • Fosters more authentic forms of assessment (i.e., students write to show they know how to use English well, or complete math problems to demonstrate their ability to solve problems.
  • Encourages decision making regarding curriculum, teaching methods, school structure and management at each school or district level.
  • Advocated by Washington Accord (current permanent signatories, US, UK, Canada, Japan,…)

How we implement OBE?

  • Guided by EAC Accreditation Manual
  • Documentation to satisfy EAC requirements (SOP, Unit files, PBL assignments, exam/test, lab manual, samples, thesis, industrial training reports, etc.)
  • Outcome assessment methods and survey
  • Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI)
  • Problem-based Learning (PBL)


Figure 1: Outcome-Based Education (OBE) Flowchart.


1. PEO (Programme Educational Objectives) :

Program educational objectives are broad statements that describe the career and professional accomplishments that the program is preparing graduates to achieve.

2. PLO (Programme Learning Outcomes) :

Statement that describe what students are expected to know and able to perform or attain by the time of graduation in terms of skills, knowledge and behaviour/attitude that the student acquire after following the program.

3. CLO (Course Learning Outcomes) :

Describe the specification of what a student should learn as the result of a period of specified and supported course.

Assessment : Assessment is the formative or / and summative determination for a specific purpose of the student’s competence in demonstrating a specific outcome. It is also the processes that identify, collect, use and prepare data that can be used to evaluate achievement.

4. CQI (Continuous Quality Improvement) :

It focuses on closing the loop process which promotes the need for objective data to analyze and improve its process.




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Pusat Pengajian Diploma,
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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